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Why is irrigation system important? The different types and methods of irrigation

Irrigation system : Hi people, today we’ll talk about India’s various irrigation methods. Proper irrigation is essential for agriculture. For a healthy crop, the appropriate kind of irrigation is essential. Information about irrigation systems, irrigation types in India, and irrigation techniques is provided in this section.

It is impossible to exaggerate the value of water. It is, in our opinion, largely boundless. Water availability is now a limited resource. In India, rising temperatures are causing lakes and waterways to evaporate, urbanisation is contaminating the water supply, and water pollution is having an effect on both surface and groundwater. The nation’s agriculture industry, which depends heavily on precipitation, might be severely harmed by a destructive storm season.

What is Irrigation Farming?


Plants receive unnatural amounts of water from irrigation systems, and rainfall is not sufficient enough to maintain crops. In areas where rainfall is inadequate, it is most often used. As a result of water bringing nutrients into plants’ frameworks, they can photosynthesize, which is essential to their survival and growth.

The water system was used in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, when rainfall and flooding were common. For irrigation of agricultural crops, traditional methods included digging canals, employing a pulley system, and utilizing water wheels. In spite of the fact that irrigation farming for water systems was modest and straightforward to keep up with, it is no longer feasible to use it today. Their labor is intense, they produce artificial rain, and they are tedious. Here are some ways in which water is used in farming.


Which sources of irrigation are used in India?


We are showing you irrigation and agriculture sources in India. Take a look below.

  • Groundwater from Wells – 16%

  • Tube Wells – 46% 

  • Canals – 24%

  • Tanks – 3%

  • Other sources (Rain, Rivers, Pounds, Drainage, Surface Water, Municipal Water and others) – 11%

The different methods of irrigation

Would you like to know how irrigation works? A major purpose of the irrigation process was to prepare the agriculture field for future advancements. With the development of new technologies, farmers were able to increase their harvest yields and improve the quality of their crops. In cases where single crop irrigation methods are supported, more current irrigation strategies are beneficial. Modern irrigation uses this method. We will now discuss the importance of irrigation.

What are the different methods of irrigation? Agriculture in India is irrigated in two different ways.

  1. Traditional Method 

  2. Modern Method


We will now explain both methods in detail for your understanding. Take a look.

Read more: What is Urban Farming in India? – Types, Process and Benefits

1. Traditional Irrigation 

Traditional Irrigation
                           Traditional Irrigation


A major part of India’s economy is agriculture. In the United States, over half of the workforce is employed in agriculture. A major exporter of oats, dry fruits, and natural grain products is India. A number of obstacles have faced India including low harvest yields, unfavorable harvests, rainstorms, and others.

The majority of these issues have been overcome by traditional irrigation methods. There is still time to use these old irrigation strategies. These techniques are used by Indian farmers to ensure proper seed germination, a better harvest and faster crop growth. Irrigation used in organic farming is known as traditional irrigation.

Traditional irrigation systems can be divided into 4 types.

1. Check Basin Method


Check Basin Method
                           Check Basin Method

A water-accessible irrigation system is used in this strategy. There are several cultivating areas separated by small drains. The highest point of the land is where water is stored. It is from there that channels begin. There have been thousands of years of tradition in the practice of irrigation.

2. Strip Irrigation Method


Strip Irrigation Method
                               Strip Irrigation Method

There are several strips of farming land. This type of strip is isolated by the ‘med’. Depending on the slope of the land, each strip will have a different length. The labor and investment required for such a technique are minimal.


3. Furrow Irrigation


Furrow Irrigation
                          Furrow Irrigation

Furrow irrigation is useful whenever crops are planted in columns. Agricultural use is expected. A larger area can be irrigated better with this type of system.

4. Basin Irrigation


Basin Irrigation
                                 Basin Irrigation

Yields are not developed using this traditional irrigation strategy. These trees are surrounded by a raised stage, usually made of cement or mud. Water is obtained by digging channels.

2. Modern Irrigation 

Modern Irrigation
                          Modern Irrigation

A modern
irrigation system is used in areas that do not receive sufficient rainfall to achieve irrigation. A pump, tube, or spray is used to provide water. Often, irrigation is used when rainfall is problematic or droughts are frequent in a region. The irrigation system distributes water evenly across the field. The process of supplying water can come from a variety of sources. A well or groundwater spring, a lake, river, or reservoir, or a treated wastewater treatment system are all examples of groundwater sources.

Irrigation systems in the modern world can be classified into 4 types.

1. Surface

Surface Irrigation
                      Surface Irrigation

Water is dispersed by gravity over the outer layer of the surface water system, which represents an enormous collection of water system strategies.

2. Sprinkler Irrigation 

Sprinkler Irrigation 
Sprinkler Irrigation


 Irrigation system water is applied through sprinklers like regular precipitation. Pipes circulate water through lines. In order to separate into tiny water drops that tumble to the ground, it splashed through sprinklers out of sight.

3. Drip Irrigation


Drip Irrigation
                    Drip Irrigation

Water is routed through a channel into drip pipes, where producers are placed at various points in the system. Drip delivery devices circulate water directly into the soil near the roots through the producers.

4. Subsurface Irrigation


Subsurface Irrigation 
                        Subsurface Irrigation

As a subirrigation system, subsurface irrigation applies water from underneath to crops. Through the development of channels or the introduction of underground tile lines or punctured pipelines in the soil.

Read More: The Watermelon Farming Business Model & Cultivation Process

The importance of irrigation in agriculture

Irrigation is beneficial to agriculture in this case. Take a look below.

  • The value of irrigated land is greater than the value of unirrigated land. A watered area yields more crops than a rainfed area.

  • Rainfall that is insufficient, inadequate, or uncertain disrupts farming. In order to achieve continuous agribusiness, irrigation processes need to be properly implemented.

  • Wet soil is essential for the germination of seeds, so dry soil won’t allow them to sprout. It is possible to guarantee the necessary soil moisture content for seed development by using an irrigation system.

  • Plant roots require oxygen and hydrogen to grow properly, which can be supplied by irrigation.

  • The irrigation process allows for various plantings in a year. Growth and utility will be improved as a result. In various areas of the country, irrigation systems were used for a few harvests every year.

  • Mineral supplements can be retained by plants when they are watered. Plant development depends on the irrigation system.

  • Drought and famine may result from insufficient rainfall. During the dry season and during times of starvation, this type of irrigation can be helpful.

  • The irrigation system can bring more land into production.


The difference between traditional and modern irrigation methods

Find out what the differences between irrigation methods are below.

Traditional Method Morden Method
Old methods of farming. Advanced methods of farming.
Production rate is low. Production rate is high.
Environmentally friendly method. Not an environmentally friendly method.
Wooden tool equipment, Bullock carts and others are used. Advanced tools and tractors are used.
As fertilizers, natural manure is used. Pesticides and chemical fertilizers are used.

There is complete information about irrigation systems and types of agricultural water use in these documents. I hope this blog provided all the answers you were looking for. Aarug Agro can provide you with more information.




Qes. How and why does irrigation work?

Ans. Irrigation systems maintain landscapes, revegetate disturbed soils, and allow crops to grow in dry regions without regular rainfall.

Que. How are irrigation systems classified?

Ans. A traditional irrigation system and a modern irrigation system are both used in India.

Que. What is the irrigation?

Ans. Irrigation is the practice of applying controlled measures of water to land to aid crop growth and development.

Que. Which is the most irrigation state in India?

Ans. There are 98.8% of farmlands under irrigation in Punjab, the most irrigated state in India.

Que. Which Crop in India has maximum area under irrigation?

Ans. There is a maximum area under irrigation for rice in India.

Que. Which country has the most irrigation land area?

Ans. Most irrigation land is located in China, India, the United States, and Pakistan.




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