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Marigold Farming Information, Varieties, And Importance

Marigold Farming : The yellow and orange marigold, also known as Genda, is an attractive flower. This flower has probably been heard or seen by everyone. There are a lot of things we can learn about marigolds, and we can see it in our lawns and gardens. 

Information of Marigold Plant

Our gardens are dominated by marigolds. The flowers of this plant are used primarily for making garlands for religious, social, and other purposes. Marigold is a flower used in Hindu puja, mainly during Diwali and Holi (for organic colouring). The yellow color represents sunlight, which represents a new beginning.

About Marigold Plant

The marigold plant has been found in 56 different species around the world. There are many colors of marigold flowers, such as golden, orange, white, red and yellow. A common flower is the marigold, which comes in yellow and orange colors. Passion and creativity are symbolised by these flowers, which are called the “Herb of the Sun”.

Marigold has 2 genres which refer to Tagetes and Calendula.
Tagetes: It is named for the god Tages, the god of wisdom and includes African and french marigold, which is commonly known in India.
Calendula: It includes pot marigold.


A History Of Marigold Flowers


Marigolds are one of the most popular flowers in North American gardens today. Their journey began many centuries ago in the Americas and ended in Africa and Europe.

There were only two popular flowers of the United States at the turn of the century: sweet peas and asters. New flowers made their debut at the right time. He bought the seed company in 1915, which had been established by his father, William Atlee Burpee. Young David felt that they decided to feature marigolds in his catalogue and fund research with all information of marigold.

There are hundreds of new varieties of marigolds that have been developed since the 1920s. A fragrant marigold, a white marigold, a hybrid, and a triploid are all the results of inbreeding. The marigold found breeding emphasis and popularity back in the Americas, its center of origin. Now, they are commonly known as Indian marigold flower.

Uses Of Marigold Flower

Marigolds are the only flowers that are full of sunshine. It is well known that marigolds are not the prettiest or most romantic flowers like orchids or roses, but they are highly useful and have a festival appeal. Several occasions, including weddings, funerals, and religious ceremonies, involve this flower.

Marigolds are not only used for decoration but also for health and wellness purposes. There has been a medicinal use for marigold flowers for thousands of years, and medical science recognizes their health benefits.

Indian festivals are dominated by marigolds. It has only been 350 years since Mexican marigolds were used in India.

There is little knowledge about it among the general public. Flower marigold India has amazing clinical uses, and we are here to tell you about them.


Uses Of Marigold Flowers

Common Uses 

  • Decoration
  • Garlands
  • Hindu festivals
  • Making teas
  • Marigold oil
  • Balms
  • Ointments
  • Ornaments
  • Organic Colors
  • Face packs

Medicinal Uses

  • Natural Antiseptic
  • Antioxidant Properties
  • Skin Healing
  • Treating Eye Inflammation
  • Solution For Sore Throat
  • Fights Gingivitis
  • Relieves Piles
  • Relieves Menstrual Cramps
  • Cancer Prevention
  • Natural Bug Repellant

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Why Are Marigolds Used in Pooja and Festivals?

The marigold flower is among the red, yellow, and orange flowers that are offered to gods, including Lord Ganesha. The only flower that can be used as petals is this one. The marigold flower spreads positivity and teaches us to take care of our little leaves. The lesson provided here is very meaningful, and it is very special to me.

Varieties Of Marigold Flower

Marigolds are found in over 50 varieties throughout the world. With complete marigold information, we discuss the top 5 varieties of marigold. 

1. Tagetes Cottage Red

 Tagetes Cottage Red
Tagetes Cottage Red

Bright red, five-petaled Tagetes Cottage Red flowers have golden centers and yellow edges. The hybrid plant was the first breed of Mexico. The Tagetes Cottage Red plant is a five-foot tall plant that grows from summer to winter (frost). In sunlight, it grows best, and its flowers last a long time. The French marigold variety has one of the most beautiful flowers.

2. Baileya Multiradiata


Baileya Multiradiata
Baileya Multiradiata


Baileya multiradiata is an attractive wild marigold that blooms in spring. The plant originated in the deserts of the southern United States and Mexico. Sandy soil is ideal for growing Baileya. A few weeks after its seed is sown, it grows into a new plant. Even a slight frost won’t hurt the delicate baileya flower. Almost all of the stems of this plant have yellow flowers above green foliage. The flower turns into paper as it ages.

3. Calendula Officinalis Bon Bon Mix

calendula officinalis bon bon mix
calendula officinalis bon bon mix

The Bon Bon variety is a dwarf marigold that works well in pots and on narrow borders. There are large, pom-pom-shaped flowers in apricot, orange, and yellow colors on the plant. It is best to grow this flower in cool temperatures as it cannot tolerate heat. You can use its petals to garnish cakes, puddings, and salads.

4. Tagetes erect Discovery Orange


Tagetes erect Discovery Orange
Tagetes erect Discovery Orange

There are a lot of flowers around us that we see every day, including this one. We can find them largely in flower shops and in our gardens. The marigold flower is the most commonly used for worship. This flower has many names, one of them being marigold. It has several scientific names, the yield of the flower, and the country where it grows.

This is a vigorous, floriferous plant that produces large orange and yellow flowers throughout the summer. There are large, long-lasting flowers on this bushy plant throughout the year. A distinctive smell emanates from the dark green foliage beneath the flower when crushed. A border planting, mass planting, or container planting can be done with it.

5. Tagetes erect Doubloon


Tagetes erect Doubloon
Tagetes erect Doubloon

A double variety of pom poms with golden yellow petals are known as Doubloon. It is one of the hardiest and toughest marigolds, highly resistant to weather and strong to sunlight. It doesn’t matter what the weather is like, these flowers can grow for a really long time.

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Importance And Information About Marigold

  • This flower is very common in gardens and homes, and is used primarily as loose flowers for making garlands during religious and social events.

  • Its easy and vast adaptability culture. You can earn a big Marigold farming profit.

  •  Its short duration to produce flowers, a wide range of attractive colours, shape, size, and good quality attracts the attention of flower growers and viewers.

  • Marigolds are ideal for loose and cut flowers, mainly for making garlands.

  • They can be planted in the beds for group display or grown in pots, in the home garden or decoration.

  •  In India, The demand for Marigold flowers at the time of Dashara and Diwali festival is very high, it offers to gods and goddesses.

The cultivation of marigolds


To cultivate marigolds effectively, it is necessary to have complete marigold information. The cultivation of marigold flowers involves many steps. India is a great place to learn about marigold farming.



  1. Mild climates are ideal for the growth and blooming of marigold flowers.

  2. It grows best at temperatures between 18 and 20 degrees Celsius.

  3. Temperatures above 35°C do not allow the growth of the plants, which   leads to a reduction in flower size and their number.

  4. Marigold flowers should not be grown in severe winter, the plants and flowers can be damaged by frost.



1.The marigold can be adapted to a wide range of soil types.

2.Among the marigold varieties, dwarf marigolds thrive in light soil, while African (tall) marigolds prefer rich, well-drained, moist soil.

3.The best soil for marigold farming is sandy loam with a pH of 5.6 to 6.5.

The preparation of the land

A ploughing and mixing job of 15-20 harrowings and 20-25 tonnes of FYM per hectare should be done on the main field. A productive marigold plantation requires ridges and furrows.

Sowing Time and Season

There are three different planting seasons for marigolds, depending on the climate. Check the table below where you can get information about marigold based on the duration of years and months.

Flowering seasons Planting time Transplanting time
Late rains Mid of June Mid of July
Winters Mid of September Mid of October
Summers January to February February to March


Harvesting of Flowers

  • A transplanted plant takes 40-50 days to flower after it has been transplanted.

  • The size of loose flowers varies according to the variety.

  • During the early morning hours, flowers are harvested.

  • The quality of flowers is improved by irrigation plucking.

  • Flowers should be picked regularly and dried and bad flowers and leaves removed.

  • A single plant can produce 100 to 150 flowers, and it blooms for about three months.


Highlighted Points of Infographic: Information Of Marigold Farming

  • Information about the varieties of marigold flowers in India can be found in this infographic.
  • This includes the types of marigold flowers, their origins, colors, and durations.
  • Among the types of marigold flowers are Tagetes Cottage Red, Baileya multiradiata, Calendula officinalis Bon Bon Mix, Tagetes erect Discovery Orange, and Tagetes erect Doubloon.

These are the types of marigold plant information, and we hope you get all the relevant information about marigold flowers and marigold cultivation practices. For more information of marigold and for other marigold cultivation in India, please visit Aarug Agro, where you can get detailed information of marigold and marigold flower farming in India, and many others.




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