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Top 10 Agriculture States in India: Largest Crop Producers!

The Top Agriculture States in India : In India, agriculture is the primary source of livelihood for around 58% of the population. Food grains and other food items are growing in the agricultural states of India. Agricultural exports from India contribute significantly to world trade and are growing at a rapid rate. Food and grocery sales in India account for 70% of the global market.

Agriculture in India is evolving at the same pace as the country’s development. There is a change in the way food is produced and consumed. Over the last few years, India has experienced an increase in population, income, and rural/urban migration, as well as an increase in rural productivity per capita. These factors increased the demand for food as well.

The per capita GDP of India is expected to increase by 320% in the next 20 years. As time changes, so does the trend. Plant-based protein is being replaced with animal-based protein as Indians consume high-quality foods. Increasing income levels and rapidly increasing consumer demands have made this possible. This is a list of the top 10 agriculture states in India.

Top 10 Crops Producing States of India

The following is a state-by-state breakdown of agricultural production in India. This will provide you with information regarding the major crops of India. I would like to share with you the top 10 agriculture states in India.

1. West Bengal

West Bengal
West Bengal


India’s largest producer of food grains is West Bengal. In terms of rice production, it is second only to Andhra Pradesh, followed by Punjab, and Uttar Pradesh. As well as rice, it produces jute, sesamum, tobacco, and tea. Rice is produced in West Bengal in 146.05 lakh tons at a yield of 2600 kilograms per hectare. As a rice producing state in India, it falls under this category. It produces mangoes, litchis, pineapples, guavas, and oranges.

They produce nearly all the items, including cauliflower, tomatoes, cucumbers, cabbages, okras, and brinjas. West Bengal produces rice, jute, and wheat as its main crops. A number of spices are grown in West Bengal, including chillies, ginger, garlic, coriander, and turmeric. Indian agriculture is dominated by West Bengal.

2. Uttar Pradesh 


Uttar Pradesh 
Uttar Pradesh


There are many crop productions in Uttar Pradesh such as bajra, rice, sugarcane, food grains, and other crops, making it one of the top farming states in India. Haryana, Punjab, and Madhya Pradesh are the top three wheat-producing states in India. The weather in Uttar Pradesh is suitable for growing wheat, and the state has 22.5 million tons of wheat. Uttar Pradesh grows wheat on 96 lakh hectares.

There is a large sugarcane production hub in Uttar Pradesh, and sugarcane is the most produced crop in the world. Uttar Pradesh is the best state for growing sugarcane because it has a hot, humid climate. The state grows sugarcane on 2.17 million hectares and has 145.39 million tons of it.

3. Punjab



Punjab is the most fertile state in the world. Punjab has the best conditions for growing wheat, sugarcane, rice, vegetables, and fruits. Known as the granary of India and India’s breadbasket, Punjab is also called the breadbasket of the country. The production of food grain accounts for around 93% of all productive land. Paddy and wheat are the most commonly planted crops in Punjab. And this area increases over the year.

Punjab is India’s third largest producer of farming crops. The irrigation system is suitable for farming, and it is well known for it. Food grains are also produced in Punjab in the third largest quantity.

4. Gujarat




Gujarat has the fastest growth rate in India. The development pattern adopted by this state was wise. A double digit growth was achieved through investments in agriculture, energy, and industry. Producing crops in Gujarat is difficult due to its variable climate. Advanced crop management can be used to manipulate crop environments for high yields.

The state of Gujarat produces cotton, groundnut, castor, bajra, tur, green gram, sesamum, paddy, maize, sugarcane, and sugar. After Gujarat, Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Telangana produced a great deal of cotton. Groundnuts grew here as well.

5. Haryana



Haryana is the next farming state. Agriculture is a major contributor to Haryana’s economy. Agriculture is the main source of income for about 70% of the locals. The Green Revolution in India is largely credited to Haryana. The irrigation system in Haryana is massive due to all of these factors.

The top crops grown in Haryana are sugarcane, paddy, wheat, and sunflowers. Sunflower is the second largest crop in India. There is also livestock farming in Haryana. It is estimated that there are 99.97 lakh livestock populations in India. There is a daily consumption of milk products in India. A healthy diet is essential. The state ranks among the top agricultural states in the country.

6. Madhya Pradesh


Madhya Pradesh is known for its production of pulses, followed by Maharashtra, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh. In addition to soybeans, garlic is also produced in the area. There has been considerable success in pulse farming in Madhya Pradesh. Farmers in Madhya Pradesh earn most of their income from wheat and maize. Among other pulses, there are urads, soybeans, and turs.

Because Madhya Pradesh has the largest area, it has different climates and soil conditions that make it suitable for a wide range of agriculture products. It is important to note that the agriculture sector in Madhya Pradesh is one of the backbones of the Indian economy. The agriculture sector in Madhya Pradesh is responsible for 65% of employment and 14% of the state’s gross domestic product (GSDP).




Agriculture plays a significant role in the economy of Assam. Assam is among the least developed states of the country. Agriculture is the basis of almost all Assam’s economy, and 70% of the population relies on agriculture income for their livelihood. Around the world, tea is consumed on a regular basis after water.

Tea is one of the most popular products produced in Assam. In terms of tea production, it is the largest state in India, followed by Himachal Pradesh, West Bengal, and other states in North India. India is well known for its Nilgiri teas, Darjeeling teas, Assam teas, and Kangra teas. India’s total tea production was largely derived from Assam.

8. Andhra Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh


The agricultural sector accounts for 62% of the population in Andhra Pradesh. A greater emphasis is placed on the production of rice. 77% of the crop production in India is produced in Andhra Pradesh. Jowar, bajra, maize, ragi, tobacco, pulses, sugarcane, and many other crops are also grown in the country.

An area of 1.5 million hectares is used for horticulture in Andhra Pradesh. Almost 720 thousand hectares of this allotted land are used for the production of fruit.

9. Karnataka



A significant portion of the Karnataka economy is devoted to agriculture. The state’s population is primarily engaged in agriculture. There is a great deal of support for agriculture in Karnataka due to the weather climate. There are several crops grown in Karnataka during Kharif season, including rice, maize, moong dal, red chilies, sugarcane, groundnuts, soybeans, turmeric, and cotton. Among the rabi crops grown in Karnataka are mustard, sesamum, barley, wheat, and peas. A number of Indian states are ranked among the top in terms of agriculture, including Karnataka.

Coffee is a popular industry in the state, contributing 70% of the country’s total production. Coffee was grown in Karnataka in an amount of 222300 metric tons.

10. Chhattisgarh



The state of Chhattisgarh is known as the Rice Bowl of Central India. Rice, millets, and maize are some of the crops grown in Chhattisgarh. Rice is grown on 77% of the land in Chhattisgarh. Rainfall is the only source of income for Chhattisgarh. It is estimated that only 20% of the entire region is irrigated.


  • Fruit Crops – Lime, Cashew-nut, Guava, Cheku, Mango and etc.
  • Vegetables Crops – Cucurbits, Cabbage, Beans, Cauliflower etc.
  • Spices – Ginger, Turmeric, Methi, Coriander, Chili, Garlic etc.
  • Flowers – Marry-gold, Gladiolus, Gaillardia, Gladiolus etc.
  • Medicinal Plants – Jamarosa, E.citridora, Pamarosa, Lemongrass etc.
Indian Government Schemes for Farmers

In India, farmers are called “Annadata”. A number of programs and schemes have been initiated for farmers by the Government of India in order to support them continuously. Agriculture is always a priority for the Indian government. A list of government schemes for farmers is provided below.

Indian Agriculture Facts

  • Among the world’s agricultural producers, India is ranked second.

  • In terms of exports, India is ranked eighth in the world.

  • In terms of milk production, India is the world’s largest, while in terms of fruit production, it is the second largest.

  • Agriculture accounts for 60% of the Indian population.

  • Horticultural and livestock production is a major source of income for small and marginal farmers in India.

The following are a list of the most important crops in India divided by state. After reading this blog, I hope that all of your doubts have been cleared. Aarug Agro will provide you with further updates




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