Subsistence farming work in India
What is Subsistence Farming?
Subsistence farming involves cultivating crops to meet the farmer’s daily needs. This type of farming is therefore done on a small scale without surplus trade.Most farmers practice traditional farming, which means they use little technology and do most of their work at home.
Subsistence farming in India: Characteristics
Subsistence farming is characterized by the following characteristics:-
1. Land Use
Crops are grown on small plots of land approximating 1 to 3 hectares in this farming method. Despite the small size of their land, they are able to farm.
There is a high rate of labour employed in this farming, and most of the work is done by family members. It is not uncommon for farmers to hire labour at the time of cultivation because they were busy at the time.
3. Power and Transport
Power is primarily derived from livestock incountries. A farmer also does not use old seeds or fertilizers. This results in a small amount of output.
Farmersfewer inputs in this type of farming. Farmers, for example, do not purchase seeds, cow dung manure, etc., so yields per hectare, production per person, and overall productivity are low.
5. Income and Living Standard
The fact that they are below the poverty line does not affect their income. Therefore, whatever farmers can grow, they can only use that much to support their livelihoods.
6. Role of livestock
livestock is its power. Farmers save money by using animals, and their families also benefit from these animals. Investing in them farmers survive economically if a crop Additionally, farmers’ families have access to livestock dairy products, meat, and eggs.
7. Social and Cultural Reasons
Traditional farming in LDCs relies heavily on cattle, horses, camels, and goats for social and cultural reasons.
8. Element of Uncertainty
There is a high element of risk in this type of farming. A farmer’s whole year’s work can be ruined if one or more major crops fail.
Farming methods for subsistence
Subsistence farming can be divided into two types.
1. Primitive subsistence farming
2. Intensive subsistence farming
What is Primitive Subsistence Farming?
Agriculture’s oldest form is primitive subsistence farming. Simple subsistence farming, however, is a form of subsistence farming. Farming of this kind occurs on a self-sufficient basis, and farmers raise food and feed their families accordingly. They exchange their goods for cash if there are any small surpluses left. The tropics are home to many different cultures that practice primitive farming. Furthermore, shift cultivation and nomadic herding are two types of this farming.
Characteristics Of Primitive Subsistence Farming
It is mostly cleared forest that contributes to soil fertility, and the ashes of the fires improve the soil. A form of slash-and-burnas cultivation.
The land must be cleared by hand for a few people to grow food.
Food is produced all year long by crops that are planted at calculated intervals, oftencrops.
Feed and water are transported by shepherds on fixed routes in
As a result of this process, milk, meat, and other products are produced.
An intensive subsistence farming system is characterizedoutput per acre of land and a relatively low output per worker. While agriculture has changed, its nature has not. Intensive agriculture is also known as monsoon type agriculture in monsoon lands of Asia.
The characteristics of intensive subsistence farming
- Crops are grown on a smaller plot of land and require more labour, as well as less expensive equipment.