Pineapple Farming in India: List of Varieties & Health Benefits

Pineapple Farming:  Organic pineapples are one of India’s most popular fruits. There are many states in India where it is found, including Kerala, Bihar, West Bengal, Karnataka, Goa, and Maharashtra.  Furthermore, 14.6 million tons of pineapple are predicted to be produced annually. India is also the fifth largest pineapple producer in the world, producing 1.2 million tons annually. In terms of absolute pineapple production, India contributes 8.2% to the global total. The United States, Colombia, Thailand, the Philippines, Nigeria, Brazil, Mexico, and Indonesia are among the countries that produce pineapple the most.

Pineapple Farming: How to Get Started

 

A farmer always wonders how to start pineapple farming, what the requirements are, etc. We created this blog to answer their question about pineapple farming methods and requirements. Let’s begin with pineapple interculture.


How does pineapple crop interculture work?

We will present the intercultural operations of pineapple farming in India in the following sections. Take a look.

1. Weed Control

It is common to find weeds such as Nutgrass and Hariyali in pineapple farms. I find hand weeding unwieldy and not economically feasible, especially in crops that are firmly divided. Weeds can be controlled chemically in this way. For pre-development splashes, Pineapple Research Station, Vellanikkara, Thrissur (Kerala), recommended using Diuron at 3 kg/ha or a blend of Diuron (1.5 kg/ha) and Bromacil (2.0 kg/ha). The second half of the application (AICFIP, 1978) ICAR, Pineapple should be reheard 5 months after the main application. Herbicides are also delivered to the weeds’ root zone through a water system combined with a herbicide shower.

2. Earthing Up 

Plants benefit greatly from earthing up in pineapple agriculture, since it elevates great cherish. Where channel planting is common, soil is pushed into the channel from the edge.

3. Mulching

 

The purpose of mulching is to control weeds and protect moist soil. The practice is fundamental when pineapple is produced as a rainfed crop and is possible when flatbed planting is used.

4. Removal of Slips, Suckers and Crowns

 

A farmer then removes slips, suckers, and crowns from a crop. As a result, this development may reduce the number of plants and hinder fruit production.

Are there any soil requirements for pineapple plantations?

Pineapple
                               Pineapple

 

Various kinds of soils are used to grow pineapples, including soils with significantly lower fertility. Fruit that develops on light soils is considered to have a superior flavor. It is best to cultivate pineapples on sandy, loamy, and laterite soils in South India, which are rich in humus. There is too much risk of the plant being waterlogged in the soil. Therefore, proper drainage must be ensured. The pH range should be between 5.0 and 6.0.

What is The Pineapple Cultivation Method?

There are three types of materials used in pineapple production: slips, crowns, and suckers. Through slips, crowns bear blossoms 19-20 months after manor, and suckers bear flowers one year after farming. It is therefore recommended to use establishing materials that have been in use for five to six months before development begins. Since crowns invest in some opportunity to bloom, suckers and slips are usually used for business purposes. Material sizes should be uniform. Channels just dug and prepared are used for planting suckers and slips.

What is the best way to prepare land for pineapple production?

It is important to dig or plough the field several times to establish a deep (150-200mm) and fine tilth depending on the soil structure (heavy loamy soil or light loamy soil). After establishing an arrangement, a last harrowing or bed preparation is performed.

What is the process of pineapple harvesting? 

pineapple harvesting
         pineapple harvesting

 

 

To harvest pineapples, cut them from the plant where they join the tail with a sharp tool. Afterwards, either keep the fruit at room temperature for an additional age or refrigerate it if it is ready. The crown of a pineapple can be stored for up to 15 days after harvesting without causing any harm. To slow down aging, transport should be refrigerated. It is possible to store pineapple for 20 days at temperatures between 10 and 130 degrees Celsius. Additionally, 7.20C with 80-90% humidity is ideal for storage.

Why do pineapple fruits have abnormalities?

Fruitlet core (green eye) rot (Phytophthora heart), Fusariosis, Green fruit rot, Inter fruitlet corking, and other abnormalities can be seen in pineapple fruits after growth. Pineapple farming faces these challenges. A pineapple should be perfect in its shape and have the right pineapple flavor. Market value will be lost if they don’t.

 

What are the varieties of pineapples cultivated in different states? 

Below you will find a list of pineapple varieties cultivated in different Indian states.

Pineapple Varieties  States 
Kew, Mauritius, Queen Assam and other Northeast states
Queen, Giant kew West Bengal
Mauritius, queen, kew Kerala
Lakhat, Jaldhup Assam

 

How to protect pineapple plants from diseases during cultivation

pineapple
pineapple

 

It is not common for pineapples in India to be affected by an excessive number of diseases, even though there are many different harvests. There is an extreme lack of consistency when it comes to pineapple diseases. Diseases likely to affect the pineapple crop in India include scale insects, Mealy, and stem rot. It is important to prevent stem rot and other fungal diseases before planting by using a decent seepage framework.

Pineapple farming in India during the best season

Pineapples are tropical crops that grow in humid climates. It does, however, grow well in plains and at elevations not exceeding 900 m. At moderate temperatures, it grows well. In the month of February through April, pineapples bloom, and in the month of July through September, the fruit is prepared. There are also times in the offseason when blossoms appear, producing fruit between September and December.

Cultivation Time States 
Kerala and Karnataka April to June
Assam and other North Eastern States August to October
West Bengal Northern parts October to November
West Bengal Other Parts June to July

 

What is the ideal climate for pineapple cultivation?

Pineapples grow in tropical climates between 30°N and 25°S. Temperatures between 65°F and 95°F (18.33°C and 45°C) are the most ideal. Cool evenings can, however, occur briefly for the plant. In order to grow pineapples, you need about 1500 millimeters of rainfall each year. As well as this, it can be grown between 500 mm and 5550 mm in height. Coastal and inland areas are also good places to grow pineapples.

Pineapple Health Benefits: What Are They? 

 

Besides being rich in antioxidants and nutrients, pineapples also contain powerful antibacterial properties. Grilled, fresh cut or baked, it can be eaten in a variety of ways. As well as aiding digestion, reducing cancer risk, boosting immunity, suppressing inflammation, pineapple can do a lot more. As well as speeding up the recovery process after surgery, it may be useful for other reasons.

 

There are a lot of facts about pineapple farming in India in these articles. Aarug Agro will provide more informative blogs like this in the future.



Bhumika

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Shopping Cart